Monday, March 15, 2010

Polly Brock's Texas Timeline

Polly Sanders Elam Brock was born Christmas Day, 1843 to Sarah Stamps and Joel Elam in Talladega Co., Alabama and later moved with her family to Rusk Co., Texas.
25 March 1843 – Seventeen Texans were executed in what became known as the Black Bean Episode, which resulted from the Mier Expedition, one of several raids by the Texans into Mexico.
27 May 1843 – The Texan’s Snively Expedition reached the Santa Fe Trail, expecting to capture Mexican wagons crossing territory claimed by Texas. The campaign stalled, however, when American troops intervened.

Polly marries John Henry Brock on October 21, 1866 in Rusk Co., Texas.
1866 -  The abundance of longhorn cattle in south Texas and the return of Confederate soldiers to a poor reconstruction economy marked the beginning of the era of Texas trail drives to northern markets.
20 August 1866 – President Andrew Johnson issues a proclamation of peace between the United States and Texas.

Her first child was born in 1868. They named him Joel Walter Brock.
1868 – Large-scale irrigation begins in Texas when canals are built in the vicinity of Del Rio.

Eleanor Elizabeth Brock, my great-grandmother, was born 1871.
May 1871 – Seven men in a wagon train are massacred at Salt Creek, about 20 miles west of Jacksboro, by Kiowas and Comanches led by chiefs Satanta, Big Tree, Satank and Eagle Heart.

Lucy Brock was born 1874.
28 September 1874 – Col. Ranald Mackenzie leads the 4th U.S. Cavalry in the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon, south of present-day Amarillo, an encounter that ends with the confinement of southern Plains Indians in reservations in Indian Territory. This makes possible the wholesale settlement of the western part of the state.
17 January 1874 - Coke-Davis Dispute ended peacefully in Austin as E. J. Davis relinquished the governor's office. Richard Coke began a democratic party dynasty in Texas that continued unbroken for over 100 years.

John Thomas Brock was born 1876.
15 February 1876 – The present state constitution is adopted.
4 October 1876 - The opening of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas marked the state's first venture into public higher education. Tuition totaled $10 per semester.

Margaret Maude “Maggie” Brock was born 1878.
14 April 1878 – On a Sunday, a band of about forty Mexicans and Kickapoo, Lipan Apache, and Seminole Indians crossed the Rio Grande from Mexico into Webb County, Texas, about forty-five miles north of Laredo and went on a raid and rampage of murder, mutilation, plundering, and stealing. This lasted for six days and was known as "The Mexican and Indian Raid of '78."

Alice Brock was born 1880.
1880 – By 1880 there were 1,865 farms and ranches, encompassing almost 271,000 acres, in Parker County, and its population had grown to 15,870.

Henry Newton Brock was born 1884.
1884 – Fence-cutting wars prompt the Texas Legislature to pass a law making fence-cutting a felony.

Polly Sanders Elam Brock

Before 1880 Polly and John Henry Brock move from Rusk Co., Texas to Parker Co., Texas to a small community which is later named Brock in his honor. This happens around 1888.
16 May 1888 - The dedication of the present state capitol in Austin ended seven years of planning and construction. The building was funded with 3,000,000 acres of land in north Texas.
1890 – The first post office was established in Brock in the year 1890.
11 November 1890 – The Pathfinder's Club, the oldest women's literary club in Austin, was organized by a group of women in the Driskill Hotel parlor. In 1897 the club was one of the twenty-one organizing members of the Texas Federation of Women's Clubs.

Polly Sanders Elam Brock was appointed Postmistress of Brock in 1892. She served in that position until two years before her death.
1892 – To care for the growing number of mentally ill, the Terrell State Hospital opened in 1885 and the San Antonio State Hospital opened in 1892.

Polly Sanders Elam Brock died on August 25, 1924 in Brock, Parker Co., Texas.
22 November 1924 – the last fault-line oil field was found in the northwestern corner of Freestone County when the Boyd Oil Company No. 1 Boyd came in for an initial yield of 1,000 barrels of oil per day in the Woodbine. Four days later the Boyd Oil Company No. 1 Simmons roared to life with an initial production of 8,000 barrels of oil per day. The Boyd wells opened the field to vigorous drilling. Within a week of the discoveries, forty drilling rigs were under construction.

Polly Comes to Life
As the deadline for the 91st Edition of the COG, A Tribute to Women, is today, I realized I had not finished my great-grandmother's biography. In the days ahead, I will diligently work on the story of her life in Texas during the 1800 and 1900s. Look for Polly to come to life in my next posting!
Thanks to fM for the Poster! 
Gailey and Brock Family Sources - Juanita Brock McIntire


hummer said...

Polly was born in Talladega. She is on page 394 line 13 of the 1850 census (if you have ancestry it is image 92)with her parents and siblings.
Sorry if you already have this. You have put a lot of work into her life line. Good post.

Judith Richards Shubert said...

Thank you sooo much, Frances. I tell you I was in such a hurry to get this done (because of deadline of this edition of the COG) that I didn't even think to stop and look! I just took the notes from my FTM that came from family notes. I do have Isn't it great? I will change that first sentence so as not to confuse anyone. Thanks again.

J.M. said...

Nice timeline. Great going with adding in all those history bits.

Judith Richards Shubert said...

Thanks, J.M.! I'm kind of a nut about Texas history ~ sometimes I get carried away. But Polly had some Alabama history, too. Just haven't been able to quite wrap my head around it. Thanks for reading.

Homsley Reunion, Seymour, Texas

Homsley Reunion, Seymour, Texas
Copyright (c) 2015 by Judith Richards Shubert